Translation of English Marked Sentences into Indonesian

Ni Wayan Suastini • Ketut Artawa • Ida Bagus Putra Yadnya • I. Ketut Darma Laksana

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Abstract

This study is aimed at conducting analysis on the linguistic phenomena in the translation of English marked sentences into Indonesian with two major focuses of discussion, namely (1) the types of English marked sentences found in the data source, (2) the translation of English marked sentences into Indonesian, The theories utilized in the analysis is the Translation Shift (Catford, 1965). The results of the analysis showed four types of marked sentences found in the data; they are passive sentence, existential sentence, itcleft sentence, and pseudo-cleft sentence. The translation of each sentence has the following variations, 1) the English passive sentences were mostly translated into passive sentences in Indonesian, 2) the Existential sentences were translated into inverted sentences with the existential verbs ada and terdapat in the beginning of the sentences,3) the it-cleft sentences were translated into two different structures, namely inverted and declarative sentences. The forms of these translations are the results of transforming the notional subject found in the it-cleft sentences, either by changing the form of the phrase or maintaining it. There is also it-cleft sentence form found in Indonesian for focusing on certain information. 4) The pseudo-cleft sentence is marked by WH-clause. This sentence was translated into three different sentence structures, namely relative clause with the question word apa, the nominal clause yang, and the declarative sentence.

 

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Journal

International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Founded in 2018, the International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation (IJLLT) is ... see more